According to research by the Equal Education Law Centre into under-performing schools in South Africa, at least “80% of schools are dysfunctional, and most of these schools serve black and coloured learners”. News24 reports that, citing data from the General Household Survey that indicated the percentage of youths who completed Grade 12 was approximately 44.9% in 2009 and 53.8% in 2018, the researchers said despite improvements, deep inequalities continue in the education system. The EELC recommended parents and school governing bodies be given powers to hold under-performing schools accountable, suggesting that parents be supplied with expanded school reports detailing how the school is performing according to set criteria, such as enrolment numbers and teacher turnover, both in absolute terms and in comparison with other schools in the district.