Researchers from the Giraffe Conservation Foundation have recently published a paper describing two dwarf giraffe in separate populations in Namibia and Uganda, the first known accounts of dwarf giraffe in the scientific literature. The researchers say that it is unclear if the Ugandan giraffe – named ‘Gimli’ in honour of Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings character – is suffering dwarfism related to a decrease in genetic diversity caused by a significant bottleneck in the size of the population created in the late 1980s due to civil unrest and associated bushmeat poaching. No theory was meanwhile given for the Namibian giraffe, Nigel’s unique body shape which was first observed when he was about four years old.