Leaders of the 15-member Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) held an emergency summit in Ghana’s capital, Accra on Sunday where they agreed to suspended Mali from the regional bloc in response to the military’s toppling of the president and prime minister for the second time in nine months. The bloc’s final communique called for the immediate appointment of a new civilian prime minister and the formation of an “inclusive” government. However it did not announce sanctions like those it imposed after the coup last August, which saw members temporarily close their borders with landlocked Mali and halt financial transactions.