A World Health Organization report published last week showed more people are falling ill with tuberculosis in South Africa than previously thought, but also that the country’s treatment success rate for dangerous drug-resistant forms of the disease have improved. News24 reports that the WHO Global Tuberculosis Report 2020 indicates that about 360 000 people fell ill with TB in South Africa in 2019, a 20% increase over the previous year when an estimated 301 000 contracted the disease. The country’s national department of health says the jump could be attributed to problems with unique identifiers for patients but activists and clinicians say the causes are likely much more complex and varied. It is also not clear whether TB numbers have actually increased or whether the higher numbers are simply due to changes in counting.