The deputy director-general for the NHI, Nicholas Crisp, briefed Parliament on South Africa’s National Health Insurance Bill following extensive public hearings, explaining that funding for the proposed scheme would likely come from surcharges on personal income tax, payroll tax, and reallocating funding for medical scheme tax credits. Crisp said the NHI fund would not function as a medical scheme and fee-for-service would not generally be used as a mechanism for provider payment at the primary healthcare level. This, he said, was because, by its nature, payment was limited to one provider for one interaction