The many illegal miners in South Africa should get an amnesty window during which they can come forward and “subject themselves to the process of formalisation”, says the latest version of a draft government plan. Once they have their paperwork in order, such operators will be able to expect a range of government support, up to, and including, help in finding funding. But foreigners need not apply as the draft policy clearly states that permits “must be reserved for South Africans” and the “presence of illegal immigrants within the artisanal and small-scale mining space must be addressed”, during the transition.