South Africans must conclude from president Cyril Ramaphosa’s remarks this week on BEE that the ANC government has learned nothing from the catastrophic failure of the race-based empowerment policy. This, Newsflash reports, is the viewpoint of a spokesperson of the Institute of Race Relations, Hermann Pretorius. He says research by the institute shows clearly that a system like the IRR’s economic empowerment for the disadvantaged based on disadvantage, itself would be a better option to gain equality.