Statistics South Africa today revealed a sharp decline in the official unemployment rate as people stopped actively looking for work during the lockdown, but the unemployment rate according to the expanded definition rose to 42% in the second quarter of the year. Bloomberg reports that the country faced an unemployment crisis even before the virus and the jobless rate has been above 20% for at least two decades, even though the economy expanded by 5% or more a year in the early 2000s. Analysts cite an education system that doesn’t provide adequate skills and strict labour laws that make hiring and firing onerous, as well as apartheid-era spatial planning that make it difficult for job seekers to enter and remain in the formal workforce as part of the problem.