Eighty-eight per cent of homes in informal settlements do not have toilets according to a study conducted by the Development Workshop in major towns such as Windhoek, Karibib, Otjiwarongo, Katima Mulilo, Opuwo and Oshakati, where the largest section of informal settlements are located. Stephanie French, the consulting advisor for sanitation for DW, says that “on average, only 12 per cent of residents in informal settlements have a toilet at home. Almost 90 per cent are using the bush, using a plastic bag or the riverbed”. The situation, she cautioned, exposes those who live in informal settlements to deadly diseases such as Hepatitis E.